Research Activity


   During the year, there were 3,103 artificial insemination (AI) services    extended by the Philippine Carabao Center (PCC). These were conducted in 400 barangays from the 47 municipalities  of Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur and Abra, and in the towns of Sta. Praxedes and Claveria, Cagayan, thus, exceeded its target of 3,000. This recorded a three-fold increase from 1,000 AI services in 2010.

  Six new technicians were trained in basic AI and pregnancy diagnosis — three Village-Based Artificial Insemination Technicians and two LGU technicians from Abra, and one LGU technician from Claveria, Cagayan. Full privatization of AI continued to be implemented in Ilocos Norte and Ilocos Sur, with the active operation and growing membership of the Ilocano Artificial Inseminators Credit Cooperative (ILAICC).

  In the bull loan program, PCC released 15 bulls to qualified recipients complementing the artificial insemination program in accelerating dairy herd build-up. Two of the bulls came from the center’s herd, while 13 were sourced out from the PCC National Gene Pool. Of the 15 recipients, 7 were new applicants while the remaining 8 have re-applied for replacement bulls after having satisfactorily completed the offspring requirements of 25 calf drop. At the end of this year, 38 bulls were loaned to the farmers. During the year, a total of 163 breeding services and 237 calves on the ground were recorded.

  The PCC at MMSU has continued to actively record performances to contribute to the database in the selection and testing of superior riverine buffaloes for genetic potential in milk production. The 41-head Bulgerian Murrah Buffalo herd inventory at the beginning of the year had increased to 46 consisting of 38 females and 10 males at the close of the year. Fifteen BMB calves were born — eight females and seven males. Total milk produced by 10-13 cows in the daily milk line was 22,000 kg and total cash sales generated from milk and milk products was P694,660.

   Interest in dairy buffalo enterprise was growing and LGUs such as the City of Vigan, Ilocos Sur and Solsona, Ilocos Norte, have established their own crossbred modules. In Marcos, Ilocos Norte, 424 female carabaos are now in the registry, 148 of these have already been ear-tagged.

   The center also instituted improvements and repairs of its facilities to maintain efficiency and quality of operations. Looking ahead, PCC at MMSU will continue to pursue excellence in the attainment of its objectives. The Center is among the 13 PC network centers in the Philippines and is serving Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur and Abra. During the year, the towns of Sta. Praxedes and Claveria, Cagayan were added as its service areas.