Research Highlight

Researchers:J. Q. Higoy, J. P. Abuan, P. S. Obille, E. A. Galano, G.E. Supsup, M.M. Viduya, M.L. Sanchez and M.E. Ulat
Year Generated:2014

             The study was conducted to determine the potential of DMMMSU newly evolved silkworm hybrids in the production of silk products in terms of profitability. This investigation aimed to evaluate the performance of the silkworm hybrids as to productivity and economic traits reared on station and at farmers’ fields across seasons and years respectively.


             The study made used of descriptive, documentary and statistical methods of research. The cost and return analysis based on an annual operation of an investment package productivity index of a one hectare sericulture enterprise was projected.


           The newly identified silkworm hybrids DMMMSU H003, DMMSU H009 and DMMMSU H004 out yielded DMMMSU 346 with regards productivity and profitability on the different sericulture production processes.


          Among the silkworm hybrids, DMMMSU H003 was found to be the most productive and the most  profitable  on the different production processes from silkworm rearing for cocoon production, raw  silk and thrown silk  production,  up to  silk weaving and fabric production obtaining the highest yield of  end products  1,529.20 meters of silk fabrics or a total of  612 cuts of  silk barong. It generated a net income of P 784,172.40, created labor employment of 2,271.60 man-days and obtained ROI of 392.95%.


    Silkworm hybrids DMMMSU H009 and DMMMSU H004 rank second and third with 327.54 and 276.16 % ROI,  P  657,402.80 and  P  598,198.00 NI, and employment generation of 2,095.20 and 2,061.20 man-days respectively. DMMMSU 346 ranks fourth with a NI of P 379,922.80, ROI of 181.34% and created labor employment of 1,830 man-days.


   The economic advantage of rearing silkworm hybrids DMMMSU H003, DMMMSU H009 and DMMMSU H004 over DMMMSU 346 is that it had resulted to increased productivity with additional outputs on cocoon, raw silk, thrown silk and fabric production with a total of 105.68 %, 67 % and 51.62 % increase respectively on the total production outputs. It had Obtained NI of P 404,199.40, P 218,225.20 and P 277,430.00, additional employment of 441.60, 265.20 and 231.20 man-days with corresponding increase of  106.38 %, 57.43 % ,73.01 % and  24.13, 14.49 and 12.63 % respectively. These silkworm hybrids obtained an increase on profitability on the said different silk production processes of 211.61 %, 94.82 % and 146.20 % ROI with corresponding increase of 116.69 %, 52.29 % and 231.20 % respectively higher than DMMMSU 346.


            The results of the study serve as basis for the use of recommended silkworm hybrids to our farmers and entrepreneurs which aimed to increase productivity for sustainable commercial cocoon production with higher economic benefits.