Research Highlight

Title:DETERMINANTS OF FARMERS’ PROFITABILITY IN SERICULTURE
Commodity:Sericulture
Generator:DMMMSU
Researchers:P. S. Obille
Year Generated:2016
Highlights:

A knowledge on the profitability of sericulture as affected by some factors is deemed important for it seeks to develop effective and efficient approaches for the sericulture farmers and beneficiaries to become more productive and competent. The utilization of sericulture
technology lies on the economic contribution to the development of the industry. Hence, this investigation aimed to establish a workable machinery in developing sericulture as a profitable enterprise.

The study made use of the descriptive method of research.The 28 farmer-cooperators of SRDI who had undergone mulberry and cocoon production from 2011 to 2014 were the respondents of this investigation. A survey questionnaire was utilized in gathering the needed data. This was supplemented by documentary analysis, and interview of the respondents. The data gathered in this questionnaire were tabulated and analyzed using frequency counts and percentages. To determine the factors that affect the profitability of sericulture, the Correlation and Regression analysis were used.

The results of this study showed that a farmer with a ¼ hectare mulberry plantation can earn an average net income of P10,221 from fresh cocoons with an ROI of 68.55%. Other income with an average of P2,600 can be derived from the sales of mulberry firewood, mulberry cuttings, sericulture wastes as organic fertilizers, and intercropped vegetables. Employment can be generated up to 14 persons per year. The predictors of profitability in sericulture were determined through Regression analysis which showed that 2 boxes of silkworm reared in every rearing cycle with an average cocoon yield per box of 20.13kg significantly influence the profitability of sericulture. Farming experience of 3 to 4 years gives
the opportunity for the farmer to learn the craft hence increasing his efficiency to manage sericulture activities. Educational attainment of high school graduate or a college level will likewise increase the probability of higher income in sericulture. This makes the farmers
understand easily the methods and procedures in mulberry and silkworm rearing. The use of tractor in land preparation increases the efficiency of the mulberry plantation since proper cultivation techniques are employed.